ارزیابی اراضی، ضرورت دستیابی به توسعه پایدار

نوع مقاله : علمی ترویجی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار پژوهش، بخش تحقیقات خاک و آب، مرکز تحقیقات، آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان اصفهان، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، اصفهان، ایران.

2 استادیار پژوهش، موسسه تحقیقات خاک و آب، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

با ارائه مفاهیم و مؤلفه‌های پایداری زیست‌بوم طبیعی، پتانسیل زیست‌بوم خاک برای دستیابی به پایداری طبیعت، سعی شده نقش علم ارزیابی در رسیدن به این اهداف تعریف شود. در این مقاله با تشریح مفاهیم و اجزاء پایداری زیست‌بوم، کارکرد زیست‌بومی خاک و ارائه مسیر راه برای حصول به پایداری محیط‌زیست در تبیین جایگاه و نقش ارزیابی اراضی در این مسیر تشریح شود. اگرچه علم ارزیابی پایه و اساس فرآیندهای تصمیم‌گیری و سیاست‌گذاری است، اما هنوز به‌درستی و روشمند در جهت بهینه‌سازی مدیریت کلی و همه‌جانبه مورد استفاده قرار گرفته نشده است. در حقیقت، ارزیابی محیطی با هر تعریف و یا با هر روش اجرائی آن، حلقه مفقوده‌ای فرآیندهای تصمیم‌گیری و سیاست‌گذاری در نظام مدیریت پایدار است و از آنجائی که علم ارزیابی ارتباط ‌دهنده تمام علوم محیط زیستی، اقتصادی و صنعتی است، باید بیشتر مورد توجه قرار گیرد. ارزیابی اراضی، با تعیین وضعیت خصوصیات ترکیبی خاک از قبیل کیفیت، انحطاط، انعطاف‌پذیری، امنیت، سلامت، بهره‌وری، رفتار و کارایی همراه با ارزیابی خصوصیات عملکردی و خدمات زیست‌بومی خاک‌ها، نقش آن‌ها را در مسیر مدیریت جامع زمین روشن می‌نماید و امکان ارتقاء کیفیت زندگی در کره خاکی را مهیا و پایدار می نماید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Land Assessment: The Prerequisite to Sustainable Development

نویسندگان [English]

  • Norair Toomanian 1
  • Ali Zeinadini Meimand 2
1 Associate professor of Soil Science, Soil and Water Research Department, Isfahan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Isfahan, Iran.
2 Assistant professor, Soil and Water Research Institute, Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Organization, AREEO, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

With the new concepts and goals defined under global ecosystem sustainability and the potential contributions of soil ecosystems to the sustainability of nature and natural resources, efforts have been made to redefine the role of the science of evaluation in achieving the goals thereby defined. Introducing the components of a sustainable ecosystem, the present study strives to explore the functions of soil ecosystem and to define the role of land assessment in developing a road map toward environmental sustainability. Although the science of evaluation serves as the foundation for decision and policy making processes, it has not yet been properly and systematically exploited to achieve optimally integrated resource management. Environmental assessment, no matter how it is employed, is still the missing link in decision and policy making processes as part of sustainable resource management. It, indeed, requires due consideration in all such processes as it plays a pivotal role in bridging all environmental, economic, and engineering disciplines. Land evaluation is a disciple that characterizes soil composition in terms of its quality, degradation, flexibility, safety, health, productivity, behavior, and efficiency and, in conjunction with an evaluation of soil ecosystem functions, defines the roles each of the soil characteristics plays in integrated land management.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • land evaluation
  • Missing link
  • Sustainable soil management
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